Intellectual Freedom and the Modern Agora

Farzad Khosravi
2 min readSep 24, 2023

In an era marked by unparalleled access to information and platforms for discourse, we face paradoxical threats to intellectual freedom, from self-censorship on college campuses to media concentration and political polarization. Drawing on recent studies and indices, I propose that the emergence of new digital platforms is the potential catalyst we need for revitalizing open, inclusive discourse.

A survey by the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE) revealed alarming levels of self-censorship among students, with 83% reporting they filter their speech and ideas on campus. This stifling of expression was particularly notable among conservative students and faculty. Studies indicate political bias in classrooms creates a climate of anxiety, negatively impacting academic performance.

Beyond campuses, the media landscape faces challenges. The U.S. ranks only 45th globally according to the 2023 World Press Freedom Index by Reporters Without Borders. While the mainstream media in America generally operate without government interference, a significant portion of popular news outlets is controlled by a small group of wealthy individuals.

Additionally, political polarization is deepening divides. The ideological gap between parties has doubled over twenty years. A 2019 study by More in Common revealed that a substantial 86% of Americans perceive political polarization as a severe issue. Friendship circles are also growing more politically homogenous. In 2020, approximately 80% of Biden and Trump supporters reported having few friends who supported the opposing candidate.

However, research by The Hidden Tribes of America shows 67% of Americans belong to the “Exhausted Majority” — open to compromise and restoring trust across divides. This majority seeks to overcome polarization through dialogue and cooperation, tired of the dominance of extremes in public discourse.

To combat these trends, new platforms are emerging to foster freedom of thought. Substack, Perplexity, and Cicero, founded by me, offer capabilities to foster freedom of thought. We see glimmers of a virtual Agora emerging, one that escapes institutional boundaries. Our challenge now is to fully realize this potential by creating open, inclusive spaces that welcome diverse perspectives, embracing the entropy of ideas rather than conformity. The future belongs to those who catalyze society’s evolution through knowledge.

These pioneering virtual spaces offer hope of realizing the internet’s potential for open discourse. Our challenge now is to fully leverage these capabilities, creating inclusive environments that embrace perspective diversity rather than conformity. The future belongs to those who catalyze society’s evolution through knowledge.



Farzad Khosravi

Founder of Humanist. Against all forms of tyranny. Entrepreneur. Maverick. And lover of science.